November 20, 1945: Nuremberg Trials Begin
On this day in 1945, twenty-four high ranking Nazis went on trial in Nuremberg, Germany for the horrific crimes committed during World War II. The International Military Tribunal conducted the trials with representatives from the United States, the Soviet Union, France and Great Britain. The defendants faced charges for crimes against peace and humanity, violation of war laws, and a common plan to commit the criminal acts listed.
On October 1, 1946, twelve Nazi war criminals were sentenced to death, seven were sentenced to prison terms from 10 years to life, and three were acquitted.
Take a closer look with American Experience’s “Nazis on Trial in Nuremberg” featuring significant people, events and aftermath.
Photo: Defendants in the Courtroom, Nuremberg Trials (1945-1946) (Library of Congress).